Asia Bibi in Pakistan, Ahok in Indonesia. Intolerant Islam Is Catching - Tidningen Kulturen

Asia Bibi

  • Smaller Small Medium Big Bigger
  • Default Helvetica Segoe Georgia Times

Indonesia has the most Muslims of any country in the world, 230 million out of a total population of 260 million. But there are also quite a few Christians, 9 percent of the total, a third of whom, 8 million, are Catholics.

In the north of the island of Sumatra, in the province of Aceh, since 2002 there has been a full regime of shariah, the Qur'anic law, with a religious police force and the application of corporal punishment.
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama

Basuki Tjahaja Purnama


And the story goes that relations between the two communities are unusually peaceful. One of the most renowned Indonesian Islamic theologians, Nurcholish Madjid (1939-2005), theorized that heaven is for anyone who surrenders to the Absolute, and therefore not only for Muslims, but also for Christians, Jews, Buddhists. And another great Muslim leader, Abdurrahman Wahid, president of the country between 1999 and 2001, was a staunch supporter of the political philosophy called “Pancasila,” according to which Indonesia belongs to Indonesians regardless of their religious affiliation.

It was with good reason, therefore, that the German-born Jesuit Franz Graf von Magnis, naturalized as an Indonesian with the name Franz Magnis-Suseno, gave the title “Islam and Christianity, the model is Indonesia” to his “lectio magistralis” given recently at the Catholic University of Milan and published in the latest issue of  Vita e pensiero.

But the signs have been growing for some time that even in Indonesia a fanatical and aggressive Islam is making inroads, under the pressure of Wahhabi groups, the Muslim Brotherhood, ISIS.

In the north of the island of Sumatra, in the province of Aceh, since 2002 there has been a full regime of shariah, the Qur'anic law, with a religious police force and the application of corporal punishment.

But even in areas with a reputation of moderation, like the islands of Java and Bali, Muslim intolerance is strongly on the rise. The independent Wahid Institute, named after the ex-president, has ascertained that in 2016 violations of religious freedom increased by 7 percent over the previous year, with spikes not only in Aceh but also in Java and the capital of Jakarta.

It is a diagnosis that is also shared by the authors of the annual survey of religious freedom in the world promoted by the international Catholic organization Aid To the Church in Need. In their judgment,   Indonesia will be the next “new entry” on the list of the most intolerant Muslim nations.

The most glaring confirmation of this reversal of course is very recent. It is the sentence of two years in prison inflicted May 9 on a Christian of Chinese origin, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, nicknamed “Ahok,” the outgoing governor of Jakarta and until recently a strongly favored and popular candidate for the presidency of the country.

The accusation is that he offended the Muslim religion during a rally last September for his reelection as governor, during which Ahok contested as non-Qur’anic the claims of one of his opponents, according to whom Islam would not allow a non-Muslim to govern over Muslims.

Afterward came the charges and the trial, but above all the mobilization of the most intolerant factions of Indonesian Islam, which had a powerful influence both on the result of the election - with the defeat of Ahok and the victory of a radical Muslim, Anies Baswedan, as the new governor of Jakarta - and on the sentence in the trial, which was even tougher than had been asked for by the prosecution. Not to mention the downfall of any chance for Ahok to succeed as president of Indonesia to Joko Widoda, whose pupil and deputy governor he was in Jakarta.

With this paradigmatic affair Indonesia is drawing dangerously close to the levels of intolerance of Pakistan, the country with the second-largest number of Muslims, 180 million.

In Pakistan too there is an analogous emblematic case, that of the Christian Asia Bibi, an ordinary wife and mother who in 2010 was sentenced to death for blasphemy and has been held in solitary confinement since then while awaiting the results of a final appeal to the supreme court, which however has repeatedly delayed its ruling under pressure from the most radical Islamic organizations, which threaten with death anyone who would dare to defend or exonerate the woman, as has already happened to two of her courageous defenders and martyrs, the Christian Shahbaz Bhatti, minister of minorities, and the Muslim Salmaan Taseer, governor of Punjab.



Sandro Magister

Klicka här för att söka efter böcker hos Bokus apropå den här artikeln.
Varje köp via denna länk stödjer TK.



Media. En intervju med Guido Zeccola som slutade arbeta på Tidningen Kulturen.
Läs mer...

Media. Den svenske journalisten Dawit Isaak, född i Eritrea, har tilldelats UNESCO:s Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize 2017. Dawit Isaak arresterades under en räd mot medier i Eritrea 2001. Sveriges Radios vd Cilla Benkö som är ordförande för juryn för UNESCO:s Guillermo Cano Frihetspris 2017 kommenterar: – Jag hoppas att denna utmärkelse får hela världen att ropa ”Free Dawit Isaak now”.
Läs mer...

Musik. CIRCADIA på Nissanscenen, Halmstad Stadsbibliotek 23 mars kl 19.00. Fri Entré.
Konserten sänds live över nätet och ligger sedan Tidigare konserter finns också på:
Circadia är en grupp sammansatt av gitarristerna David Stackenäs och Kim Myhr, bassisten Joe Williamson (the Electrics a.o) och slagverkaren Tony Buck (the Necks a.o). Gruppen begick sin debut på Fylkingens 80-års jubileum i november 2013 och blev därefter omnämnda i Sound of Music som en av årets musikaliska höjdpunkter. 2016 släppte de sin debut CD på norska skivbolaget Sofa Music, och har fått strålande recensioner i både svensk och internationell press.
Kommande INES konserter i vår: Nissanscenen må 10 april kl 19 VIVA BLACK MED GRETLI OCH HEIDI Nissanscenen 4 maj kl 19 SHITNEY MARIA FAUST – saxofon, effekter

Läs mer...

En komedi av Pulitzerpristagare Mary Chase
Föreställningen spelas på italienska
En sammanfattning av pjäsen på svenska och engelska delas ut på teatern 
6 - 7 - 8 april 2017, kl. 19.30 Ordinarie pris: 150 kr (förköpspris t.o.m. 1:a april: 110 kr);
(Barn under 12 år: fri entré) Köp biljetter här:
 Föreställningen genomförs i samarbete med ABF, FAIS och Teater Tre
 Handling (spoiler alert!!!):
Elwood P. Dowd är en trevlig man som uppger sig ha en osynlig vän som heter Harvey, beskriven som en två meter lång vit kanin, vilken han presenterar till alla. Hans syster Veta tycker att Elwoods beteende är både obehagligt och generande och hon bestämmer sig för att lägga sin bror på Professor Chumleys berömda psykiatriska klinik. När hon kommer till kliniken hamnar hon dock i en rad roliga missöden som leder henne till att reflektera över vem som egentligen är tokig i kliniken. Och vad tycker ni? Är vi verkligen normala när man tittar närmare? Författarinnan, Pulitzerpristagare Mary Chase, ger oss ett underbart tillfälle att börja en inre resa genom huvudpersonen Elwoods och hans vän Harveys äventyr. Pjäsen lyfter fram konflikten mellan vem vi egentligen är och vad sociala konventioner kräver från oss. Komedin ”Harvey” har haft stora succéer på Broadways teatrar och med en Oscarpristagare film i 1950 med James Stewart i huvudrollen. För mer info besök gärna hemsidan:
Läs mer...


Rekommenderad läsning på Tidningen Kulturen

Cron Job Starts